Taraneh Fazeli
Always Already Becoming:
Art and Pedagogy in and Beyond Viral Times
[1] L. M. Sacasas, “A Theory of Zoom Fatigue,” The Convivial Society: Dispatch No. 5,Apr 20, accessed May 10, 2020. https://theconvivialsociety.substack.com/p/a-theory-of-zoom-fatigue?fbclid=IwAR0p0qafyGmDywNYxA2HSGjXEdiYboTXumlZv2fbAao-M-Uvz1lQ1-dYsuo

[2] Rae Hodge, “How to prevent Zoombombing in your video chats in 4 easy steps, ”April 29, 2020, accessed May 10, 2020. https://www.cnet.com/how-to/how-to-prevent-zoombombing-in-your-video-chats-in-4-easy-steps/

Kate Murphy, “Why Zoom Is Terrible,” New York Times, April 29,2020, accessed May 10, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/29/sunday-review/zoom-video-conference.html?smid=nytcore-ios-share

[3] Mladen Stilinović, Mladen Stilinović: Artist’s Books, art exhibition, 2010, e-flux, New York, NY, accessed May 10, 2020. https://www.e-flux.com/program/65372/mladen-stilinovi-artist-s-books/

[4] Mladen Stilinović, In Praise of Laziness, Artist text, 1993, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA, accessed May 10, 2020. http://ci13.cmoa.org/artwork/3416

[5] Stilinović, 1993.

[6]“Sick Time, Sleepy Time, Crip Time: Against Capitalism’s Temporal Bullying, art exhibition, 2019 Red Bull Arts Detroit, Detroit, MI, accessed May 10, 2020. https://redbullarts.com/detroit/exhibition/sick-time-sleepy-time-crip-time-against-capitalisms-temporal-bullying/  Earlier versions took place at arts organizations including Bemis Center (Omaha, Nebraska), The Luminary (St. Louis, MO), EFA Project Space (New York), Lawndale Art Center and Project Row Houses (Houston, Texas). The exhibition addresses the politics of health, disability, and care. At the core of the project is the pairing of artists with community groups organized around creating or sustaining alternative infrastructures of care. The artists involved thus far: Navild Acosta and Fannie Sosa, Fia Backström, Berlin Feminist Healthcare Research Group, Canaries, Jesse Cohen, Danilo Correale, Wayne Curtis, Jen Liu, Carolyn Lazard, Park McArthur, Zavé Martohardjono, Jordan Lord, Sondra Perry, Carrie Schneider, Will See, Cassie Thornton, and Constantina Zavitsanos. The community groups include: young single mothers in residence at Project Row Houses (Houston, Texas), recently incarcerated women in residence at Angela House (Houston, Texas); recent refugees and asylum seekers through Lutheran Family Services (Omaha, Nebraska); and activists experiencing burn-out through 4A Project (St Louis, Missouri).

[7] Virginia Woolf, On Being Ill (Ashfield, MA: Paris Press,2002), 4-12, quoted in Taraneh Fazeli, “Notes for ‘Sick Time, Sleepy Time, Crip Time: Against Capitalism’s Temporal Bullying’ in conversation with the Canaries,” Temporary Art Review, May 26, 2016, accessed May 1, 2020.
http://temporaryartreview.com/notes-for-sick-time-sleepy-time-crip-time-against-capitalisms-temporal-bullying-in-conversation-with-the canaries/

[8] Taraneh Fazeli, “Notes for ‘Sick Time, Sleepy Time, Crip Time: Against Capitalism’s Temporal Bullying’ in conversation with the Canaries,” Temporary Art Review, May 26, 2016, accessed May 1, 2020. http://temporaryartreview.com/notes-for-sick-time-sleepy-time-crip-time-against-capitalisms-temporal-bullying-in-conversation-with-the-canaries/

[9] Mierle Laderman Ukeles, Manifesto for Maintenance Art, Text, 1969, Queens Museum,Queens, New York, 1, accessed May 10, 2020. https://queensmuseum.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Ukeles-Manifesto-for-Maintenance-Art-1969.pdf

[10] Bartholomew Ryan, “Manifesto for Maintenance: A Conversation with Mierle Laderman Ukeles,”Art in America, March 18, 2009, accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.artnews.com/art-in-america/interviews/draft-mierle-interview-56056/

[11] Kat Herriman, “Mierle Laderman Ukeles, the ‘Maintenance Art’ Pioneer Who Made Art out of New York’s Sanitation System,” Artsy, Sep 7, 2016, accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.artsy.net/article/artsy-editorial-the-performance-pioneer-who-made-art-out-of-new-york-s-sanitation-system

[12] Ryan, 2009.

[13]In addition to ongoing campaigns in cities across the US to make internet a free public resource, initiatives like the Detroit Blockchain Center aim to use mesh technologies to provide internet via community-run DAO (Decentralized Autonomous Organization), accessed May 8, 2020.
https://detroitblockchaincenter.org/incentivized-mesh-net/ For a general background on web accessibility, see “Website Accessibility Under Title II of the ADA” Chapter 5 from ADA Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments, accessed May 8, 2020. https://www.ada.gov/pcatoolkit/chap5toolkit.htm For tips on how to make your website accessible, see New York University’s “Digital Accessibility Checklist,” accessed May 8, 2020.  https://www.nyu.edu/life/information-technology/help-and-service-status/accessibility/accessibility-checklist.html To audit existing websites use Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool (WAVE), accessed May 8, 2020. https://wave.webaim.org/

[14] Ashley Bickerton, “John Baldessari,”Artforum, April 2020, v58n8, accessed May 13, 2020. https://www.artforum.com/print/202004/john-baldessari-82457

[15] Kaelen Wilson-Goldie, “Speaking Volumes,” Artforum, April 2020, v58n8, https://www.artforum.com/print/202004/kaelen-wilson-goldie-on-the-films-of-moyra-davey-82459 David Velasco, Artforum marketing email message to the author, April 2, 2020.

[16] Nick Martin, “Against Productivity in a Pandemic,” New Republic, March 17, 2020, accessed

May 1, 2020.
Sunny Fitzgerald, “Don’t feel like ‘getting things done’? It’s okay not to be productive during a pandemic.” The Washington Post, April 6, 2020, accessed May 1, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/wellness/productivity-coronavirus-pandemic-projects/2020/04/06/742edf54-76e4-11ea-85cb-8670579b863d_story.html

[17] Adam Satariano, “How My Boss Monitors Me While I Work From Home,” New York Times, May 6, 2020, Accessed May 6, 2020.


[18] Martin, 2020.
[19] Mason Curry, Daily Rituals: How Artists Work (New York: Knopf, 2013).

[20] The excerpts don’t explicitly address differences based on class, race, and gender, but the juxtaposition between those who simply have to write on the subway between jobs and picking their children up to those who get to loll in bed napping while their servants prepare them supper is quite sharp.

[21] Octavia Butler, Parable of the Sower (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1993).

[22] Sonya Renee Taylor, The Body is Not an Apology: The Power of Radical Self-Love (San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2018).

[23] Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, (New York: Picador, 2008).

[24] Holland Cotter, “A Broken City. A Tree. Evening.” New York Times. December 2, 2007, accessed May 6, 2020.https://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/02/arts/design/02cott.html

[25] Elysia Borowy-Reeder, “Director’s Forward,” from Process: Thirty Years of Heidelberg, (Detroit, Museum of Contemporary Art Detroit, 2018), 4.

[26] My gratitude to writer Tao Fei for giving me the language “sticky-slippery time.” Tao Fei, “In the Waiting Room: The Sticky, Slippery Duration of ‘Sick Time’,” Momus, December 21, 2019, accessed May 1, 2020. https://momus.ca/in-the-waiting-room-the-sticky-slippery-duration-of-sick-time/